In October 2019, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) – the federal Canada immigration authority – announced a new plan to drastically increase the annual immigrant intake by inviting more than 1 million new immigrants to Canada between 2019 and 2021.
Ever since the liberal government came to power in 2015, nearly 300,000 foreign nationals have been welcomed to Canada every year. Prior to this, between 250,000 and 270,000 new comers used to enter Canada every year. The IRCC plans to invite 330,800 new immigrants in 2019, followed by 341,000 in 2020, and 350,000 in 2021.
These future ex-pats will be entering Canada through various immigration pathways, designed for the swift processing of specific candidate profiles.
The planned increase in economic immigration is intended to fulfil skill shortages in the Canadian labor market, and replenish the aging workforce by allowing young foreign skilled workers to migrate to Canada through the Express Entry Program, Provincial Nominee Program, Caregivers Program, Atlantic Immigration Pilot, federal business immigration programs, and Quebec skilled and business immigration programs.
These immigrants sustain the country’s economy, and thus constitute the largest group of migrants in Canada. This category has been highly prioritized in the new immigration levels plan. 191,600 economic immigrants will enter Canada in 2019, followed by 195,800 in 2020, and 202,300 in 2021.
Family Class Immigrants
This is the second-largest group of immigrants in Canada. Many immigrants are accompanied to Canada by their dependent family members. The family reunification sponsorship immigration program allows spouses, children, parents and grandparents of Canadian permanent residents and citizens to be sponsored for permanent residence. 88,500 family class immigrants will enter Canada in 2019, followed by 91,000 in 2020, and 91,000 in 2021.
Refugees and Protected People
Canada welcomes international refugees and vulnerable protected persons from conflict zones across the world, especially through the Private Sponsorship Refugee Program. IRCC Canada will welcome 46,450 refugees and protected people in 2019, followed by 49,700 in 2020, and 51,700 in 2021.
Humanitarian and Other Immigrants
Certain people who do not fall under the afore-mentioned categories are allowed to enter Canada at the discretion of the federal government, for humanitarian or other reasons. 3,500 humanitarian and other immigrants entered Canada in 2018; 4,250 persons will be invited under this category in 2019, followed by 4,500 in 2020.
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